September 08, 2018

Tuweep is located in a remote corner of the North Rim of the Grand Canyon. It's hard to reach and requires a high clearance 4WD vehicle to make the three hour drive down a sixty mile long gravel road, the last couple of miles of which took me thirty minutes to cover. The National Park service estimates 25% of visitors get a flat tire on the way there or back which is pretty easy to believe, as there are some really rough stretches with sharp rocks to navigate around. Fortunately I made the trip without incident even though the jeep I rented was pretty beaten up. 


When you arrive at the overlook there are no lodges, restaurants, services or cell reception, just ten campsites. You are definitely off the grid. Due to its remote location far from the lights of a major city, this area was designated an International Dark Sky Park in 2014, and the view of the planets, stars and Milky Way is as good as you are likely to find just about anywhere in the United States. Even though it was Labor Day weekend I only saw about a dozen people during my visit, a refreshing change from the large crowds at the more accessible parts of the Grand Canyon. 


The views are pretty spectacular. Tuweep is one of the few places at the Grand Canyon where you have an unobstructed view of the Colorado River. From the rim, you can watch and hear the rafters running the rapids at Lava Falls, three thousand feet directly below you. Trying to take pictures here is nerve racking as you need to stand right on the edge of a cliff to get the best view. It's not a place to visit if you suffer from vertigo.


I was able to get within a couple of feet of the edge to photograph the two images seen here. The picture above is the view looking west toward sunset and the one below the view of sunrise. 


August 19, 2018
Photo sharing websites like 1X and 500px are great forums for photographers to showcase their favorite images. Often I'll get an idea for a particular composition, technique or a place to visit by scrolling through the photos posted on these sites. And every once in a while a particular image is so exceptional I'm compelled to learn more about the photographer who created it.
Over the years I've discovered many excellent photographers on these sites, but Max Rive and Marc Adamus are my two favorites. 
It’s extremely difficult to create photos like theirs. First, of course, they have a great eye for composition and light and a mastery of image processing techniques. They travel for weeks at a time, often in remote locations that are physically demanding to reach and in conditions that would send most of us quickly heading back to the comfort of our hotels. Most of their best images are created between sunset and sunrise, with their days spent scouting new locations to return to when the light is better. And they often revisit these locations multiple times until the conditions and light are ideal. Many of their photos are of unique locations that haven't been overrun by other photographers. They get the nuances right, little details most photographers would never think to consider. 
Let's analyze a few of their images.
This photograph from the Peruvian Andes is an example of Max utilizing several classic photographic techniques. The long blades of grass in the lower right corner provide subtle leading lines pointing toward the primary leading line, the river. The sun is low in the sky, placing the river in shadow which makes the reflection of the water stand out more noticeably. This helps direct your eyes toward the focal point, the jagged mountain peaks. The tree trunk and its branch provide a secondary leading line to again draw your eyes in the same direction. Max frames the mountains using the curved tree branch while making sure the leaves hanging below it closely trace but do not obscure the ridge line of the mountains. To the left of the tree trunk the lighting is soft and diffuse, probably filtered by a cloud just outside the frame, versus the more direct light on the right side of the river valley. The sharp focus from foreground to background provides a strong depth of field, giving the image a three dimensional feel. Even the vertical edge of the flat rock on the upper right side of the hill is catching some light, adding a tiny bit to brighten up this part of the image. Every single one of these items was carefully considered as Max placed his camera in this exact spot, cropped out the unnecessary details, then captured the image at a time of day he felt the angle of the sunlight would be ideal. This was no lucky shot.

Good photographers also routinely calculate the precise angle of sunrises and sunsets during the course of the year to position the sun (and moon and Milky Way) where it can best compliment a particular composition. It’s a way to turn a good photograph into a great one. Notice how the leading lines formed by the faint moonlight streaming through the tufa formations at Mono Lake draw your eye into the picture. The moonlight also helps clearly define the outline of the rocks against the night sky. The image is also perfectly framed by the Milky Way as it sits low in the summer sky, centered exactly above this formation. To create this shot, Marc made trips to this location over the course of four years, taking advantage of the brief window of time when all of these elements came together.

Timing is critical in order to take advantage of the best seasons to photograph things like peak fall colors, spring waterfalls at full volume, and in the photo below, the late summer storms that roll across Arizona. Here Marc either got lucky or more likely used a shutter release device triggered by the flash of lightning to create this incredible desert image. The location was scouted in advance, one of several he probably had in mind after multiple trips to the area. As the storm moved across the horizon he anticipated where to position himself as it came into range. A nicely backlit line of cholla cactuses draws you into the scene toward the lightning on the right and a couple of saguaros provide nice highlights and help add some depth of field. Most photographers would have settled for a photo of the menacing storm clouds and lightning without much regard to the rest of the composition whereas Marc combines both a great composition and the unusual storm. There is always an element of luck in these types of images, but a well prepared photographer tends to get "luckier" more often than his less experienced counterparts. The clouds and lighting transform what would be just a good desert scene into something much more dramatic.

And finally, here’s a really unusual image Max shot in Lofoton, Norway that I recently purchased. Every year he spends many long, freezing nights (for this photo, four) waiting for dramatic aurorae borealis in places like Iceland, Greenland and Scandinavia hoping to create images like this one. Like the photo of the desert scene above, he's not content to shoot a picture of the surreal light in the sky without incorporating it into a great composition. And having his friend standing atop a seemingly impossible to climb peak adds a greater sense of scale than just the city lights in the distance. The slightly highlighted slope of the ridge on the left side draws your eyes up toward the dramatic light show in the sky, where you can clearly make out the silhouette of the person at the top. There is enough light behind the climber so that he does not blend into the dark part of the sky, a small but important detail. There is also enough light from the aurora behind the photographer to bathe the snow on the face of the mountain with an eerie green glow. This is a great example of the lengths the very best photographers will go to get the perfect shot.

Click on the links below to check out their respective sites to see more of their amazing (and reasonably priced) photos.


Max Rive


Marc Adamus

November 23, 2017

The hike to the Subway in Zion National Park is one I've wanted to do for a long time. It's very popular and only eighty permits a day are issued to keep the number of visitors manageable. When you stop by the visitors center to register, the ranger takes time to carefully explain what makes this an extremely strenuous hike and not just a strenuous one, has you sign a document acknowledging you are aware of all the risks you will be subjecting yourself to and finally takes your emergency contact persons' info. There is no doubt it is going to be a long day of hiking.


The trail starts at an elevation of 5,200 feet, and after a flat half mile walk you descend four hundred feet in four-tenths of a mile, about a fifty degree incline. Whatever the slope, it was very steep with lots of loose rocks. We were to find out later that we unknowingly took the more difficult of the two routes down. As you make your way down you can’t help but dread the inevitable climb back up at the end of the day.


From the bottom you then follow the Left Fork of North Creek upstream for about three and a half miles, gaining six hundred feet of elevation along the way. The goal is to find the most efficient route as there is not really much of a trail. Sometimes this involves walking through the river, which has lots of slick rocks and small waterfalls to climb over and at other times walking along the riverbank. You scramble over boulders, under and over fallen trees and there are obstacles everywhere. I lost count of how many times we crossed the river, fortunately it was only waist high at the deepest. It is pretty grueling, especially when you count the extra weight of the water in your neoprene socks and add a thirty pound camera bag to the equation. But the weather was perfect and the fall colors were almost at their peak. 


The scenery during this part of the hike is not very spectacular which is probably a good thing as it allows you to focus on keeping your footing to avoid injury. The National Park Service has to rescue lost or injured hikers every couple of weeks and it's a major undertaking as there is no easy helicopter access. It is something you definitely want to avoid.


After a few hours, the walls of the canyon close in as you approach the Subway. All of the scenic highlights are in located in the last quarter mile or so. You know you are close when you can feel the temperature drop and the wind pick up as it gets funneled through the narrow canyon. 


First you arrive at a cascading series of waterfalls named Archangel Falls.

Next, the crack, a six inch wide deep groove in the rock that runs for about fifty yards and which carries a large volume of the river flow.

And finally one last crawl up and over another obstacle and you arrive at the inner chamber of the Subway itself.

From inside the Subway you can see other hikers coming down from an alternative route that requires technical canyoneering skills and swimming through pools. It is a tough one to do if you are trying to carry cameras in addition to the necessary ropes and dry suits, so most photographers (and hikers) do the hike from the bottom up.


Then it's back out the way you just came, hoping you don't trip, run out of water, or miss the turn off to head back up the cliff. This time we took the easier trail up, but it's still a long, miserable ascent. Then the flat half mile stretch, which at this point seems a lot longer than that, and you are back to the parking lot. All in all a total of nine miles round trip in nine hours.


Not a hike I'd want to repeat but definitely a bucket list item crossed off.

July 28, 2017

The above photo of a kiva in Pecos National Monument just outside of Santa Fe is an example of using light beams to give your photos a more dramatic effect. Typically these shafts of light are pretty muted and don't photograph particularly well. A trick you can use to accentuate them is to throw a handful of sand in the air, and for the next few seconds the reflection of the grains of sand will make the light beam come to life. Its important to take several pictures as the intensity of the reflection will fall off within a few seconds. This technique is commonly done by the Navajo guides in Antelope Canyon (see my earlier post) as well.


One important thing to remember is to grab a ziplock bag or some plastic to cover your camera from the sand that will be floating around, as it can get into your lens and cause serious damage. The first time I visited Antelope Canyon my lens jammed from all the fine sand swirling around, costing me the opportunity to take a lot more images as well as several hundred dollars worth of repairs. Also be sure to bring a soft cloth or brush to carefully wipe down your lens as this dust can build up fast.

Tags: New Mexico
November 09, 2015

Tucked away on the side of a cliff within the boundries of Canyonlands National Park lies False Kiva, one of the most spectacular and least visited Indian sites you are likely to see when traveling in the southwestern U.S. The name False Kiva is the result of uncertainty about its origin and whether it is an authentic kiva. It became a popular destination for photographers after the following image of it was published by Wally Pacholka a few years ago:

Since it is considered an archaeological site, the National Park Service does not publicize its location, and as a result very few people make the three mile round trip hike to visit it. The trail is pretty well marked with cairns but the final location can be tricky to locate as the site is not visible from the trail and the last section involves carefully scrambling up a steep incline to reach the alcove in which it is located. Once you arrive you are rewarded with an astonishing view, total silence and most likely no signs of other people except for a few footprints in the sand.

The site faces south and is best photographed in the late afternoon with a wide angle or fisheye lens as the entirety of the alcove is impossible to fully capture with a regular lens. Another alternative is to take multiple images and stitch them together. To photograph an image like the one above requires a visit in mid-summer to capture the Milky Way when it is high in the sky. Not wanting to risk having to hike out in the dark, I settled for this late afternoon image which I still think is pretty dramatic.